seccomp: add a return code to trap to userspace
This patch introduces a means for syscalls matched in seccomp to notify
some other task that a particular filter has been triggered.
The motivation for this is primarily for use with containers. For example,
if a container does an init_module(), we obviously don't want to load this
untrusted code, which may be compiled for the wrong version of the kernel
anyway. Instead, we could parse the module image, figure out which module
the container is trying to load and load it on the host.
As another example, containers cannot mount() in general since various
filesystems assume a trusted image. However, if an orchestrator knows that
e.g. a particular block device has not been exposed to a container for
writing, it want to allow the container to mount that block device (that
is, handle the mount for it).
This patch adds functionality that is already possible via at least two
other means that I know about, both of which involve ptrace(): first, one
could ptrace attach, and then iterate through syscalls via PTRACE_SYSCALL.
Unfortunately this is slow, so a faster version would be to install a
filter that does SECCOMP_RET_TRACE, which triggers a PTRACE_EVENT_SECCOMP.
Since ptrace allows only one tracer, if the container runtime is that
tracer, users inside the container (or outside) trying to debug it will not
be able to use ptrace, which is annoying. It also means that older
distributions based on Upstart cannot boot inside containers using ptrace,
since upstart itself uses ptrace to monitor services while starting.
The actual implementation of this is fairly small, although getting the
synchronization right was/is slightly complex.
Finally, it's worth noting that the classic seccomp TOCTOU of reading
memory data from the task still applies here, but can be avoided with
careful design of the userspace handler: if the userspace handler reads all
of the task memory that is necessary before applying its security policy,
the tracee's subsequent memory edits will not be read by the tracer.
Signed-off-by: Tycho Andersen <firstname.lastname@example.org>
CC: Kees Cook <email@example.com>
CC: Andy Lutomirski <firstname.lastname@example.org>
CC: Oleg Nesterov <email@example.com>
CC: Eric W. Biederman <firstname.lastname@example.org>
CC: "Serge E. Hallyn" <email@example.com>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <firstname.lastname@example.org>
CC: Christian Brauner <email@example.com>
CC: Tyler Hicks <firstname.lastname@example.org>
CC: Akihiro Suda <email@example.com>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <firstname.lastname@example.org>